Friday, 15 May 2009

What are the Codes and Conventions?

Remember, codes and conventions are the defending features of a Genre- they are what makes a media text what it is. With moving image texts (Tv shows and films) Codes and Conventions can be elements of:

  • Mise-en-scene- Everything in the scene/frame props, costumes, setting, lighting, performance, facial expression and make up.
  • Narrative/Structure-Story
  • Setting
  • Character
  • Theme- Ideas/Morals explored
  • Sound- Diegetic,in the world of the show.Non Diegetic, not in the world of the show.
  • Cinematography- Camerawork.
 Textual Analysis

Textual Analysis is the process of breaking down a text into its various elements and studying them to analyse how meaning is created. When analysing moving image media (such as film or television) we must examine the following areas:

Camerawork (shots,angles,movements)
Editing (how shots have been put together)
Sound (both diegetic and non diegect)
Special Effects (if there are any)
Mise-en-scene (costume,make up, facial expression,props, setting, performance)

Wide Shot/ Establishing Short
Long Shot
3/4 Shot
Mid Shot
Medium Close up 
Close Up
Big Close up
Extreme Close up

Low- Camera looking up at subject,making it look bigger.
Canted- Camera is tilted to make subject look slanted.
High- Cameras looking down on subject making it look smaller.
Worms eye- Extreme low angle, camera very low looking up
Eye level -Camera is pointed directly at subject
Birds eye/Aerial- extreme high angle,looking straight down.

Point of view shot 
- Camera shoots from a character point of view.
Over the shoulder shot
-Camera shoot over a character shoulder.


Crab -The camera move sideways,like a crab does.
Pan -The camera stays in the same spot but pivots left or right.


Tilt -The camera stays in the same spot but tilts up or down.
Dolly- Also known as tracking, the camera moves backwards or forwards.

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